What is ORM? ORM is a decision making tool by people at all levels to increase operational effectiveness by anticipating hazards and reducing the potential for loss, thereby increasing the probability of a successful mission. ORM is an effective tool for maintaining readiness in peacetime and success in combat because it helps conserve assets so they can be applied at the decisive time and place. ORM is not just an S-3 or S-4 shop function. Small unit leaders and individual Marines make risk decisions everyday, and need to know how to manage risks. Force reductions make every Marine and piece of equipment more critical to mission success.
ORM process is proven to be mission supportive. Moral responsibility to protect our Marines. ORM is a closed loop process of identifying and controlling hazards. It follows a 5-step sequence, is applied on one of three levels depending on the situation, and is guided by 4 principles. The purpose of ORM is to minimize risks to acceptable levels, proportional to mission accomplishment and to manage risk so the mission can be accomplished with the minimum amount of loss.
Applying the ORM process will reduce mishaps, lower injury and property damage costs, provide for more effective use of resources, improve training realism and effectiveness, and improve readiness. The ORM concept grew out of ideas originally developed to improve safety in the development of new weapons, aircraft and space vehicles, and nuclear power. The US Army adopted Risk Management in 1991 to reduce training and combat losses.
ALMAR 210/97 states, "Our goal is to institutionalize the ORM process so that all Marines apply it-as a matter of course-in their planning, training and operations. To that end, commanders shall incorporate ORM into their operational routines. This includes regular use of the process for crisis action and exercise planning, clear guidance in the commander's intent on the level of acceptable risk, and discussion of risk assessment and controls at decision briefs."
MCO 3500.27B makes ORM an integral part of planning, training, and operations for Marine Corps units. Commander's are required to designate ORM instructors with his or her command. Instructor certification can be accomplished by completing the four online distance learning courses located on Marinenet.
MCI ORM Guide
Operational Risk Management (ORM) 1-0
ORM Data Worksheet
Web Enabled Safety System (Worksheets)