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Frequently Asked Questions
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Sexual Assault is defined as intentional sexual contact, characterized by use of force, threats, intimidation, abuse of authority, or when the victim does not or cannot consent. Sexual assault includes rape, forcible sodomy (oral or anal sex), and other unwanted sexual contact that is aggravated, abusive, or wrongful (to include unwanted and inappropriate sexual contact), or attempts to commit these acts. "Consent" means words or overt acts indicating a freely given agreement to the sexual conduct at issue by a competent person. An expression of lack of consent through words or conduct means there is no consent. Lack of verbal or physical resistance or submission resulting from the accused's use of force, threat of force, or placing another person in fear does not constitute consent. A current or previous dating relationship by itself or the manner of dress of the person involved with the accused in the sexual conduct at issue shall not constitute consent.
Yes, digital penetration meets the definition of sexual assault.
Words or overt acts indicating a freely given agreement to the sexual conduct at issue by a competent person. An expression of lack of consent through words or conduct means there is no consent. Lack of verbal or physical resistance or submission resulting from the accused's use of force, threat of force, or placing another person in fear does not constitute consent. A current or previous dating relationship by itself or the manner of dress of the person involved with the accused in the sexual conduct at issue shall not constitute consent.
The SAPR program applies to military victims sexually assaulted in a non-domestic situation (e.g.: a Marine sexually assaulted by Service member, friend, civilian, or stranger) regardless of when or where the assault occurred. This includes Marines that were victims of sexual assault prior to enlistment whether the assault was reported to law enforcement at the time of the incident or not. Marines assaulted by someone with whom they have a domestic relationship (e.g. spouse, father/mother of their child, live in boyfriend/girlfriend) are not covered under the SAPR program and instead are covered under the domestic violence policy and can receive advocacy services under the Family Advocacy Program. The SAPR Program also applies to all military dependants aged 18 years of age or older that are sexually assaulted in a non-domestic situation. Victims of sexual assault aged 17 or younger should contact the Family Advocacy Program. A Victim Advocate can explain the domestic violence sexual assault policy and the program protections available for sexual assault victims aged 17 or younger.
If, as a victim, you are engaged in prohibited conduct (e.g. underage drinking, out of bounds, off limit establishment, fraternization, or adultery) prior to the sexual assault, the command will decide whether to bring disciplinary actions on the misconduct. Your commander has complete discretion in addressing violations of established rules and orders within the unit. However, the SARC will advise the commander of the Commandant White Letter dated 29 April 2005. The White Letter advises commanders to consider delaying addressing a victim's collateral misconduct. Commanders are encouraged to wait until the sexual assault investigation is completed before holding a victim accountable for their misconduct. However, a commander can choose to address the victim's misconduct at any point in the process.
Maybe. MCO 1752.5B requires all Marines and Service members attached to Marine units to report all allegations or suspicions of sexual assault incidents. A victim is not a mandated reporter. A Victim Advocate (VA) or Uniformed Victim Advocate (UVA) is not a mandatory reporter except in cases involving imminent life threatening danger to the victim or others. If you desire to make a restricted report it is important that you seek out a VA, UVA, SARC, counselor or Chaplain to maintain confidentiality.
There are several ways to make an initial report of a sexual assault. Depending on whether you choose to make a Restricted or Unrestricted report, you will have reporting options. Under restricted reporting, you can make a report confidentially to a VA, UVA, Sexual Assault Response Coordinator (SARC), Military Healthcare personnel, Counselor, or Chaplain. In unrestricted reporting, you may report to any command personnel, PMO, NCIS, legal, VA, UVA, SARC, Chaplain, or a healthcare provider.
Yes. Both DoD policy and MCO 1752.5B allow sexual assault victims to make a restricted report. Restricted reporting allows you to obtain the necessary counseling and mental health services as well as advocacy without reporting to law enforcement. **DoD Policy and MCO 1752.5B also allows victims to obtain medical treatment under the restricted reporting option, however, it is very important to know that under California state law, all medical facilities (to include Bush Naval Hospital) are required to report to law enforcement agencies all cases of suspected or actual sexual assault.
Yes. Restricted reporting is a tool to assist you as a victim of sexual assault in addressing the myriad of emotions surrounding a sexual assault. The Marine Corps’ goal is to hold all perpetrators of sexual assault accountable. However, the Corps realizes that you may not be able to immediately face the challenges that come along with reporting to authorities. Therefore, you may choose not to report initially, but may change your mind when and if you choose to make an official report.
No. In those instances where your or another persons safety is in imminent danger, confidentiality is deemed waived. There are several other exceptions to confidentiality which your VA or UVA will explain in more detail.
No. A civilian VA, UVA, or Military One Source (1-800-342-9647) can provide referral information for off base services. Please contact one of them for further details.
Maybe. All civilian medical services must be coordinated with Tricare except for medical emergencies. Tricare or a medical treatment facility should be contacted beforehand to ensure coverage of the services.
Crime affects different people in different ways. The way a person feels can differ from day-to-day and from person-to-person. Some days you may cope, others you may not be able to get on with your day-to-day activities. A memory, sight, sound, smell or event could start the bad feelings. It is important to remember that you are reacting normally to an abnormal situation. It may take time and support to get back to feeling settled. You may be aware of what happened, but feel numb. This is a common initial reaction. You may feel that what happened is remote and has nothing to do with you. You may or may not feel the impact immediately, or later. Over time you could suffer physical symptoms such as: lack of appetite, high blood pressure, fatigue and problems sleeping. Depending on your situation, you may experience a mix of emotions, and these will not occur in any particular order. Some emotions will go away and come back later. These emotions could include: emptiness or numbness, fear or anxiety, sadness or depression, guilt, shame or dirtiness, anger or irritability, grief, loss of privacy and control, and panic and confusion. You may feel helpless and deserted, and that no one understands what you are going through. These symptoms or feelings usually go away after some time, but they do create problems for some people. They could affect your ongoing health or relationships. It is important to take care of you, and to get any support and treatment that you need.
No. You will receive support from a VA, UVA, SARC, Counseling, or Chaplain personnel, if desired. Depending on the type of reporting, you will receive assistance from Victim Witness Assistance Program (VWAP), as well as, command, legal and investigative support.
With the nature of a restricted report being preservation of your confidentiality, a commander’s ability to protect you is limited because the command will not have any identifying information of the victim and therefore would not be able to provide protection. The VA will assist you in the development of a safety plan.
Under California state law, medical personnel are mandated to report sexual assaults to law enforcement. Please speak with your victim advocate or SARC to ensure you have all the information about the restricted reporting option.
Many comments by others may feel like criticism or blaming even though it may not be intended that way. Remind yourself of the fact that you were sexually assaulted against your will - even if you may not be happy with some of your choices. You were taken out of control in the situation. You survived. Yes, your life has changed but you can move forward in spite of the criminal behavior committed against you. Use this as an opportunity to experience your personal strengths by holding your head up high, looking others in the eye, and holding the accused accountable for inappropriate behavior.
Yes. False statements are a violation of the UCMJ. However, it is important to keep in mind that there is a distinct difference in a false statement and an unsubstantiated case. An investigation may conclude that the sexual assault allegations are unsubstantiated because there is not enough evidence present to prove a crime took place. This is not considered a false statement. To be punished for making a false statement, it must be proven that a person made a statement knowing that what is alleged did not occur and, therefore, could not constitute sexual assault. Though the two are often confused, they are very different findings.
Maybe. The decision on whether a victim will testify ultimately rests with your commander. The commander will base his/her decision on many important concerns including your mental well-being and desires, as well as maintaining good order and discipline within the unit.
Per DoD policy and MCO 1752.5B, all reports of sexual assault will be forwarded to the criminal investigators for investigation. You will have the option not to participate in the criminal investigation by signing a Victim Preference Statement. You will be advised of the decreased likelihood of a successful investigation and prosecution of the perpetrator without your participation and even without your participation, the criminal investigation may still continue.
Yes. In unrestricted reporting cases, MCO 1752.5B requires a commander to ensure you, as a victim of sexual assault, are provided reasonable protection. DoD policy and MCO 1752.5B, provide guidance to commanders that when appropriate, the victim and offender should not remain in the same work and/or living area.